COVID-19: New protocol out to protect Uganda’s gorillas

Kabale, Uganda | THE INDEPENDENT | Conservation organizations and the government of Uganda and Rwanda have adopted new guidelines to protect the mountain gorillas from catching the Covid-19 Virus.

Under the guidance of the International Gorilla Conservation Program and Gorilla Friendly, updated gorilla trekking protocols have been issued to ensure minimal contact between the great apes and tourists who at times are likely to be disease carriers.

Gorilla Trekking Before Covid-19

The Covid-19 pandemic has changed a number of things in regard to gorilla trekking.  Before the pandemic, a good number of tourists were visiting Bwindi Impenetrable National Park and Mgahinga Gorilla National Park, the only home to the endangered mountain gorillas in the Pearl of Africa.

With the breakout of the COVID-19 in March 2020, Uganda decided to close all its national parks and primate tourism was suspended due to the fear of the spread of the novel virus from humans to the great apes. It was also during that time that Bwindi impenetrable forest national park registered its highest baby boom in just 7 months.

When the gorilla parks were reopened, strict Standard Operating Procedures had to be adopted.

“Since gorilla tourism is one of the primary sources of gorilla conservation funds, it is important to do tourism in a careful and sustainable manner that must ensure the safety of the gorillas,” Bwindi officials said in a statement.

One didn’t need a face mask to trek with the gorillas, and it was only in Virunga national park where face masks were considered necessary before the pandemic

The old gorilla trekking protocols also discouraged anyone with flu or cough symptoms getting near the animals, as gorillas share 98% human DNA. This implies that the disease that affects humans also affects the gorillas.

They also did not allow smoking, eating or drink in the presence of the mountain gorillas and one had to maintain a 7 meters distance between them and the gorillas.

“But sometimes the gorillas defied this rule. In that case, the gorilla trekkers were always advised to sit quietly until the gorilla moves on. This was very common with the little gorillas which are very playful,” the statement from Bwindi said.

New Gorilla Trekking Protocols

In addition to the existing gorilla trekking protocols, the International Gorilla Conservation Program (IGCP) has come up with a list of protocols to ensure that diseases like Covid-19 and many more infectious diseases.

They are:

  1. A Gorilla friendly pledge will be signed by the visitors to ensure that they adhere to the gorilla trekking protocol. This is done as a pledge to gorilla sustainability
  2. Visitors are required to undergo a test for fever “temperature scanning” or sign of illness such as cough and flu prior to the gorilla trek. Once you are found ineligible for the trek, the parks usually have refund policies that have to be looked into before booking your gorilla trek.
  3. Every visitor is expected to wear a face mask during their gorilla trek in any gorilla national park

Are Gorillas Safe?

A common question asked by travelers who would like to resume their gorilla trekking safaris in Uganda, Rwanda, and Congo. According to Makonzi Michael Kiwanuka working with Go Gorilla Trekking, one of the leading gorilla safari outfitters in the country, the gorillas are very safe!

“Tourists who have resumed their travels have embraced the new protocol as well as the Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) that Uganda and Rwanda adopted while reopening the primate parks,” said Kiwanuka.

He adds that there are even plans to make rapid tests available to visitors looking to go gorilla trekking in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park. In the Volcanoes National Park of Rwanda, testing is available at Musanze the closest town to the park. All this is done to ensure that mountain gorillas are protected.

Gorilla Tourism key to wildlife conservation 

For a significant number of travelers to East Africa, gorilla Safaris are the major icon for tourists. Most travelers who travel to big-name destinations like Tanzania and Kenya combine their safari experiences with gorilla trekking in Uganda and Rwanda. Even the unstable DR Congo receives tourists who travel to Virunga National Park and KahuziBiega National Park to see the gorillas.

The revenues received from gorilla tourism are used in the conservation of the gorillas. Part of the conservation work is the gorilla-based research conducted in partnership with several international Universities and students around the world.

The local people who were resistant to the creation of gorilla national parks have embraced gorilla tourism to the extent that there is reduced poaching.

More benefits received from tourism include direct revenue from the sale of souvenirs, service providers such as local tour operators, guides, and porters, rising community-based development projects such as the Bwindi Hospital, etc. Several locals now own safari lodges where travelers stay.

Success Story of Gorilla Conservation

There are few conservation projects that have been named to be successful and gorilla tourism is among the few.  The mountain gorillas were once projected to be extinct. The good news is that the mountain gorilla population is rising and these great apes are off the IUCN list of Critically Endangered Species.

There were as few as 240 mountain gorillas in the 1980s. By late 2018, there were 1069 mountain gorillas left in the whole world. These great apes roam through the Virunga Region shared by Uganda, Rwanda, and DR Congo as well as Bwindi Impenetrable Forest of the great pearl of Africa.

The Volcanoes National Park of Rwanda has also registered a great success story. In the past three years, the park has been expanded twice to provide a safe haven to mountain gorillas.

The park boundaries were first expanded in 2018 and this year the Rwanda Development Board (RDB) has decided to extend the park by an additional 40sq miles. This is really good news for both conservationists and tourists.



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