Kazakhstan’s president claimed on Friday that constitutional order had mostly been restored in the Central Asian country, hours after the first Russian-led troops arrived to help quell days of deadly unrest sparked by a fuel price hike.
“Law enforcement forces are working hard. The constitutional order has been largely restored in all regions,” President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev said in a statement, adding that security operations would continue “until the total destruction of the militants”.
The embattled president was set to address the nation later in the day, according to state TV.
Kazakhstan’s interior ministry said on Friday that 26 “armed criminals” had been “liquidated” and more than 3,000 of them detained, while 18 police and national guard servicemen had been killed since the start of the protests this week – the country’s worst unrest since independence three decades ago.
Reuters correspondents saw armoured personal carriers and military servicemen in the main square of Almaty, where soldiers fired at protesters a day before.
The peacekeeping force of the Moscow-led military alliance of ex-Soviet states will not be engaged in combat or in the “elimination of militants,” Tokayev’s administration said.
Fuel price hike
The violence has been unprecedented in a state ruled firmly since Soviet times by leader Nursultan Nazarbayev, 81, who has held on to the reins despite stepping down three years ago as president.
The uprising, which began as protests against a New Year’s Day fuel price hike, swelled on Wednesday, when protesters chanting slogans against Nazarbayev stormed and torched public buildings in Almaty and other cities. Protesters accused Nazarbayev’s family and allies of amassing vast wealth while the nation of 19 million remained poor.
Tokayev tried to head off further unrest by announcing the resignation of the cabinet early on Wednesday, but protests continued. As the unrest escalated, authorities declared a nationwide state of emergency until January 19, with curfews, restrictions on movements and bans on mass gatherings.
The government made another concession on Thursday, setting new fuel price limits for six months, saying “urgent” measures were needed “to stabilise the socio-economic situation”.
Officials said more than 1,000 people had been wounded in the unrest, with nearly 400 admitted to hospital and 62 in intensive care.
The full picture of the chaos was unclear, with widespread disruptions to communications including mobile phone signals, the blocking of online messengers and hours-long internet shutdowns.
Under increasing pressure, Tokayev appealed on Wednesday to the Russia-dominated Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO), which includes five other ex-Soviet states, to combat what he called “terrorist groups” that had “received extensive training abroad”.
Within hours the alliance said the first troops had been sent – including Russian paratroopers and military units from the other CSTO members – in its first major joint action since its founding in 1999.
The peacekeeping force will provide cover and security function, according to Kazakhstan’s presidency. It will number about 2,500 and will stay in Kazakhstan for a few days or weeks, the RIA news agency quoted the general secretary of the alliance on Thursday.
The Russian foreign ministry has described the unrest as “an attempt inspired from outside to undermine the security and integrity” of Kazakhstan.
Western countries have called for restraint on all sides, with US State Department spokesman Ned Price warning Russian troops in Kazakhstan against taking control of the country’s institutions.
“The United States and, frankly, the world will be watching for any violation of human rights,” Price said.
France-based Kazakh opposition leader Mukhtar Ablyazov said that the country’s ruling regime was nearing its end.
“It is only a question now of how long,” the former energy minister told AFP in an interview.
“Literally in three days a revolution took place, and it is really a revolution in the public consciousness… people understood that they are not weak.”
(FRANCE 24 with AFP)